Signed on March 23, 2016, Law No. 16,402/16 governs the subdivision, use, and occupation of land in the municipality of São Paulo (Zoning Law). In relation to the previous law, it has brought in a series of changes, such as the establishment of maximum size limits for lots, reduction in the requirement of car parking spaces, minimum number of bicycle parking spaces, widening of sidewalks, and expansion of special environmental protection areas.
CVM Instruction No. 602, published on August 27, sets forth rules regarding public offerings of hotel collective investment contracts (CICs), the so-called condo-hotels. It repealed CVM Resolution No. 734/2015 (as amended by CVM Resolution No. 752/2016), which until then regulated the matter.
On October 6, a plenary session of the Chamber of Deputies approved the text of Law 10,728/2018, replacing the text proposed by means of Law No. 1,220/2015, which regulates the termination of contracts for the acquisition of real estate.
Brazil already has rules to regulate the legal regime of multi-ownership and registration of real properties. It is Law No. 13,777/2018, which amended and introduced new provisions in the Civil Code and in the Public Registers Law. Published in the Official Gazette on Friday, the 21st, it originated in Bill No. 10.287/2018, passed the previous day, and enters into force on February 4, 2019 (45 days after its publication).
The Court of Appeals of São Paulo decided in favor of the sale of rural property mortgaged in favor of a Brazilian financial institution equated to a foreign entity, despite the current restrictions on the acquisition and leasing of rural properties by Brazilian companies equated to foreigner entities, as they have a majority of their capital stock and/or control held by foreigners. The appellate decision was published on July 17, by the 23rd Chamber of Private Law of the TJ/SP, in the context of interlocutory appeal No. 2024029-90.2017.8.26.0000, of the District of São Paulo.
In a decision on September 19, the São Paulo Court of Appeals (TJ-SP) maintained the repeal of an injunction that had suspended the right of filing in the city. The licensing processes of projects registered with the Municipal Government (PM-SP) under the old law continue their normal proceeding.
Municipal Complementary Law (LC) No. 192/2018, published on July 19, establishes special conditions for the licensing of buildings (future improvements – named “mais valerá”) and additions in buildings (improvements – named “mais-valia”) in order to stimulate the regularization of buildings in the city of Rio de Janeiro and increase tax collection of the municipality. In 2015, when another improvements law was enacted, legalization of additions yielded R$ 1 billion for municipal public coffers.
National Monetary Council (CMN) Resolution No. 4,661/2018 established new rules and restrictions on investment in real estate by pension funds. Published on May 29, the regulation revoked Resolution No. 3.972/2009, prohibited the direct acquisition of real estate by closed-end private pension entities (EFPC), and forced them to sell properties owned directly by them within a period of up to 12 years (or May 28, 2030).
The Special Body of the São Paulo State Court of Appeals (TJSP) amended a preliminary injunction that had suspended the effects of article 162 of Municipal Law No. 16,402/14 (São Paulo’s Land Subdividing, Use, and Occupancy Law) and restrained almost two thousand cases of licensing for construction projects, activities, and buildings filed under the previous legislation, which caused serious and irreparable harm to the city’s economy and to the industry’s legal certainty. With the decision by the Special Body, the more than 1,900 cases found in this situation (according to the city government, and disregarding those currently being examined by the regional city governments and departments) can resume their normal progress immediately.
In order to increase collection, the Federal Government decided to sell the 17% ownership it holds in emphyteutic real estate property. With this measure, individuals, who hold 83% of these properties (useful domain), will become their full owners.
The deadline for submitting contributions to the bill proposed by the City of São Paulo to review the Law on Land Partitioning, Use, and Occupancy - LPUOS (Law No. 16,402/16, known as the Zoning Law) ended March 30. The City announced it received more than 2,500 suggestions for the text published on the website Gestão Urbana SP as of last December 15.
The good standing of the use of physical spaces in public waters is as important for some enterprises as the good standing of the recording of the ownership of real estate in the respective real estate registry.