Abuses by the State and especially by the tax authorities to impose taxes without proper legal support are not uncommon. This routine fact, in addition to the excessive tax burden, the enormity of instrumental duties, and the extremely high interest rates on arrears and fines, creates a very difficult environment for Brazil's economic development.
Brazil has for years been witnessing an intense debate regarding the constitutional jurisdiction to tax the most varied of legal deals involving digital assets, more precisely software, whether it is the ICMS, ISS, or neither of the two.
The tax amnesty enacted by the Rio de Janeiro State was just regulated through Decree 46.453/2018, published on October 11, Resolution Sefaz 333/2018 and Resolution PGE 4280/2018, both published on October 22. The deadline for enrollment into the amnesty program is of 30 days from November 1, 2018.
The 1st Panel of the Superior Court of Justice (STJ), in the judgment on Special Appeal No. 1.477.320, recognized the right to PIS and Cofins credits in relation to transportation in transactions to purchase vehicles from the manufacturer by the dealer with the purpose of later resale to the final consumer.
The Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro has enacted a new special program for the payment of tax debts and fines from the State Accounting Court, through Complementary Law 182/2018 (LC 182/2018), published last Friday (September 21). Justified by the need to pay the 13th salaries of the Executive's officers, the measure came as an exception to Complementary Law 175/2016, which prohibited the grant of amnesty or remission of tax debts by the State of Rio de Janeiro for 10 years.
The Federal Supreme Court (STF) recognized the constitutionality of the Social Contribution on Net Income (CSLL) on July 1, 1992, by means of the decision rendered in RE No. 138.284/CE. This position was confirmed in a consolidated manner in ADI No. 15/DF, decided on June 14, 2007.
ICMS Convention No. 51/18, published on July 5th, amended ICMS Convention No. 190/17, which governs, under the terms authorized in Complementary Law No. 160/2017, the remittance of tax credits arising from exemptions, incentives, and tax or financial-tax benefits established in disagreement with the provisions of letter "g" of item XII of paragraph 2 of article 155 of the Federal Constitution, as well as the corresponding restitutions.
Taxpayers will no longer be able to offset federal tax credits with debts related to the monthly collection due to IRPJ and CSLL estimates, according to Law No. 13,670/2018, published on May 30 (inclusion of item IX in paragraph 3, article 74, of Law No. 9,430/1996). In 2008, Presidential Decree No. 449 had already included this restriction in tax legislation, but it was not converted into law, and the measure ceased to be effective as of 2009.
The right to a tax offset recommends reflection on the rules issued by the legislator that shape such offsets. Among the rules, special mention should be made of section 170-A of the National Tax Code (CTN), introduced by Complementary Law No. 104/2001 (LC 104/01).
Although it is part of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project to counteract multinationals’ tax planning that uses the loopholes of the international system to reduce their overall tax burden, Brazil has not signed the Multilateral Instrument (MLI) to implement the changes suggested in bilateral treaties to avoid the double taxation (double tax treaties) in the form of a single negotiation.